Towering above Cairo at the Citadel

The Citadel
The View
The Clock from France


Under the Dome, the Ornate Interior


Before we enter the land of the ancient egyptians, we visit the Citadel which was home to Egypt’s rulers for almost 700 years beginning in 1176.   I must say it’s definitely one of the largest Citadels  I’ve ever been to.  It’s so big, it’s like a little city all within itself with mosques, gardens, houses, and other buildings.  Up high on the hill, it rises above Islamic Islam as a reminder of ancient power and glory.  So great was it’s empire back then.

The main destination is most definitely the Mohammad Ali Mosque.  When I first hear its name, a grin flashes my face as it reminds me of the boxer, but then I remember that Mohammad Ali was the name of the founder of modern Egypt.  He had brough Egypt recognition after being part of the Ottoman empire.   It’s an enormous mosque.  There is a large central dome and several other small ones. Two minarets rise out into the sky. 


By the entrance, I am shown a beautiful clock that towers above the courtyard.  I’m told it was a gift from King Louis Philippe of France who sent this clock in exchange for the obelisk at the Place de la Concorde in Paris.  I must say the French have a great deal and know how to negotiate.  They have a beautiful obelisk  beautifying their city whilst the Egyptians have a clock which has been dead for centuries.  It was damaged since its delivery and until this day the Egyptians are still patiently awaiting for the engineer sent from France.  I wonder if he’ll ever arrive.

The mosque’s interior is grand and cool to the skin being built of marble.  I look up into the ceiling, but my eyes do not see the beautiful painted gold decorations.  I use my camera and it magically captures what the eyes do not see.  The effect is astounding.  A warm green covered in golden stars cover the domes above.  Some muslims chant some prayers and the sounds echo throughout the mosque. It’s quite magical.

I decide to walk outside and am immediately at awe with the vast skyline in front of me.  I am towering above Cairo and below me I see the ancient mosques, the ancient aqueducts.  I see the brick houses and out into the horizon I see glimpses of the Pyramids of Giza.  Their size is unimaginably large.  I can see it from the Citadel. 

It’s a bit cloudy and windy but as I stand there looking out at the Great Pyramids, the clouds suddenly part and rays of sunshine beam onto the pyramids out at the distance.  I’m enthralled.  Nature is amazing. It’s no wonder ancient egyptians worshipped the sun.

Before I leave, I visit this little Mosque of Suleiman Pasha.  It’s a bit far and on the otherside of the Citadel, but I must say I like this mosque more than the vastness of Mohammad Ali’s Mosque.  It’s small, cozy and “feminine” if I may call it so.  It’s apparently an Ottoman mosque built in 1528 and it is so intricately decorated I love it.  Inspired by Turkish designs, beautiful coloured tiles cover the mosque.  Beautifully inlaid marblework make the Mihrab (prayer niche) and Minbar (pulpit) glow out into the hall.  In the adjoining courtyard, I find peace amidst the stone archs. 

There is something about large stone structures that just appeal to me.  I take a deep breath, look around me and say my farewell.   I’m glad we came out to this little mosque far away from the tourist crowds.  I feel like its my little discovery even though it has been discovered many times before me.

The sun beams on the Pyramids of Giza

Lost in Cairo’s Gayer Anderson Museum

At the Gayer Anderson Museum

A little over a decade since I first started planning my trip to Egypt, I finally made it.  I was at long last in the land of the great pyramids, where great pharaohs had ruled Egypt for thousands of years.  I was finally in the land of the mummies and hieroglyphics.  A land where mysteries abound.  Of course my first destination was Cairo: the capital of Egypt.

I landed at Cairo Airport and was instantly struck at the amount of people everywhere.  It’s a small airport, so once off the airplane you just walk into the terminal building, watch your plane roll by and see a dozen tour groups waiting to go through immigration.  It was crazy.  Though busy and crowded with people like Japan, it was busy in a totally different sense.  Crowds of people stood around in anything but a line.  Tour leaders with dozens of passports in hand would somehow get to that window without havng to wait and then ‘poof’ his people would be through.  I realized, you had to be street smart to get around Egypt.  Following rules was not a prerequisite. Oh, and men need to have moustaches.  Moustaches were everywhere.

Now Cairo is a big city with a rich history and past so amazing that I wonder where to start.  There is Islamic Cairo whose landscape is filled with minarets, domes and the famous Khan-al Khalili Bazaar.  There is Old Cairo which has a Roman and Christian past, and then there’s Central Cairo which is the heart of the modern city and boasts features of European architecture modeled after France.  Cairo is a fascinating collection of architecture.

Inlaid work

I’ll start today with one of my favorite sites in Cairo.  It’s a museum that is often not included in the program guide, but one definitely worth going to if you have time: The Gayer-Anderson Museum.

The museum is in actual fact two adjacent 16th and 17th century houses that were lovingly restored by Gayer Anderson Pasha who was a Major serving in the British army and had received special permission to reside in this house by the Egyptian government.  He must have been one influential officer for his house stood with adjoining walls to one of Egypt’s largest and oldest mosque: Ibn Tulun.

It’s a magical house and one that can make you believe in flying carpets and Aladdin.   Inside, the house was decorated with wooden mashrabiyya screens and other beautiful objects of 17th century life.  The tables, chairs, screens, carpets, and lamps all made you feel like you had entered a truly Egyptian house.  The best of Egypt had been assembled here for all to see from the intricate marquetry wooden boxes with inlaid mother of pearl to copper tables that made me want to just dine there.

Going up stairs, through rooms you would get lost if it wasn’t for the occasional help of the guide in the house.  He showed us this fascinating corner cupboard that looked liked an innocent corner cupboard.  That was until he pressed a magic button and opened up a secret hiding place behind it.  It was an area small enough to fit in perhaps two people and it looked out onto the large reception hall below.  Clearly covered by the mashrabiyya screen, the minutely interlaced wood allowed females looking out to be veiled from the gaze of men. Though not seen, they were free to observe all that happened downstairs.

I’m told this cupboard is also where James Bond’s Movie “The Spy Who Loved Me” was partly filmed. 

Rooftop masbrabiyya screens

Moving up onto the rooftop, I’m greeted by a corridor of these beautiful wooden mashrabiyya screens which mesmerize me.   The designs are so intricate and so beautiful against the clear blue sky I crave to own a screen of my own.  The little windows built into the screen each open up to the top of another mosque in the horizon.  It was all calculated and planned.  Beautiful.

I wish I could stay and spend a night in this wonderful house, but it is only a wish I can dream of.  An hour after arrival, I am ushered out of the house before the important Friday midday call to prayer.  The staff are to close down the museum temporarily. Next time I’ll have to time my visit better.